Invesco Asset Management recently surveyed 59 sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) worldwide and published a report outlining some of the key themes. A few points which we found particularly interesting:
Studying the investment preferences of SWFs, there is continued growth in emerging market allocations for new assets, however developed markets remain a preferred choice. Two headline corrections visible are: relationship between emerging market investment and infrastructure and relationship between developed markets and real estate. As discussed earlier, a number of funds are also beginning to target frontier markets.
SWFs cite a number of factors which restrict their investment in emerging markets, such as political instability, corruption, regulation change and a lack of legal protection. These risks are of particular concern to SWFs because they cannot be quantified and many emerging market investments are prohibited by risk management guidelines irrespective of potential returns.
The biggest challenge for SWFs is sourcing new deals. Respondents explained that sourcing deals is toughest in infrastructure and is driving greater collaboration between SWFs, especially those across emerging markets. Good example of this is last week’s announcement of Saudi SWFs $10bn into Russia via its RDIF fund.
As we have noted earlier with some of largest pension funds, SWFs are relying more on in-house expertise to manage their funds in an effort to bring down costs and improve performance in the low-yield environment. The report points out that the percentage of global equities managed in-house rose to 34 percent from 26 percent at the end of 2013 (see chart below). Historically the vast majority of the fund’s equity investments were outsourced to external fund managers. It is a trend worth watching, and it continues it will mean that SWFs will continue to grow in relevance to Investor Relations Teams teams. Many of the largest funds are already frequently engaging management teams.
SWFs assets in perspective
Total Mutual Fund AUM: $74.3 tr
Global Pension Fund AUM: $37.3 tr
Sovereign Wealth AUM: $7.3 tr
Exchange Traded Funds AUM: $ 3.0 tr
Hedge Fund AUM: $2.8 tr
Source: Invesco Global Sovereign Asset Management Study 2015